A fire is caused by the combined presence of an inflammable material, oxygen and a source of ignition. Plastics are easily inflammable. They reach high temperatures during combustion and release toxic gases. These toxic products are the true killers. The main cause of lethal casualties by fire is the release of carbon monoxide (CO).
It is therefore of "vital importance" that the Flemish plastic processing industry pays attention to this hazard, to the rules, to the incorporation of flame retardant products in plastics and to the different new technologies that are available to do so. In the near future, it will become more and more important to adjust the technology to the application, for as for many critical applications, the requirements, standards and tests become increasingly severe.
Intrinsically flame retardant plastics, i.e. plastics incorporating flame retardant additives or plastics coated with a flame retardant layer are being applied in various fields, including electricity, transports and automotive, foaming systems and interiors.
This study intends to draw a list of the different ways in which these FR-products are operating, emphasising the newest technologies and possibilities. The pros and cons of each technology will be clearly mentioned while paying attention to the economic aspects in order to implement the right choices in a subsequent phase (follow-up trajectory).
In this manner, this feasibility study will not only take stock of conventional products, such as halogenides and metal hydroxides, but also pay much attention to new products based on phosphor, nano-particles, silicium, foaming or synergetic effects.
Interviews between Flanders’ PlasticVision and the industry made clear that the companies need to be informed about flame retardants, including products, synergetic effects, toxicological and ecological requirement as well as about the legal requirements (REACH) related to different applications.
FRotiPLASTclosed on 30 September 2015
For more information, please contact Isabel De Schrijver